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Learn Noorani Qaida In 10 Simple Steps

Learning Noorani Qaida is one the shortest and easiest recommended ways to teach Quran tajweed and Holy Quran memorization for children above six years old.

By studying this book, children learn how to perfect Quran recitation and correctly pronounce Arabic letters from their exit points. And what makes It a valuable book is it follows a systematic approach to teaching.

In this article, you’ll learn what’s Noorani Qaida, its importance, and ten lessons to teach it to students.

What’s Noorani Qaida?

Al-Qaida Al-Nooraniah is one of the sciences related to the Noble Qur’an. It was named after its author, Sheikh Noor Muhammad Al-Haqqani, whose book has been renowned as a reference for tajweed rules.

The book begins with teaching the number of Arabic alphabets, the characteristics of the letters, the exits of the letters, and everything related to it like traits, shapes, and pronunciation. This learning method is used with children in particular. It is also used with non-Arab primary school students or those who cannot read and write. Teachers teach it to step by step through the verses of the Noble Qur’an.

Benefits of learning Noorani Quida?

There are many benefits of teaching those rules at an early age, including

  1. kids will learn tajweed rules in simple, easy-to-follow steps that fit their learning level.

2. Experiment has had it learning Noorani Qaida raises the child’s learning capacity compared to fellows of the same age who didn’t learn the same way. Thus, a child in his fifth year who learned is at the same level as an eight-year-old one.

3. By learning Noorani Qaida correctly, children learn how to master reciting Quran, which God asked us to do effortlessly.

4. it improves the capacity of memorization and understanding for the children since kids at an early age can memorize faster than their adult counterparts.

Who can Learn Noorani Qaida?

Learning Noorani Qaida is for anyone, not just children. Adults can learn it also, and for Non-Arabic people, they can learn it to recite Quran. Also, Quran teachers worldwide can rely on those rules in preparing their Quran recitation and memorization programs.

The First Lesson: Learning Arabic Alphabet

The number of Arabic letters is 28 regarding that Hamza as an original letter (for example أخذ) and ا  is branched from it (for example ذات).

2. The teacher should adhere to the Quranic pronounciation of the letters. He should pronounce letters like  حا ، ها ، را ، طا not حاء، هاء، راء، طاء. The same rule applies to (ب  ، ت ، ث ، خ ، ظ، ف).

3.The teacher must teach the kids each letter sepearately and doesn't move to the next letter before assuring that the kid is capable of pronouncing this letter well.

4. Some letters are  heavy (خ ،  ص، ض، غ، ط، ق، ظ) and the bulk of them are light. ل ، ر can be heavy or light according to some conditions and the letter alif أ follows the condition of the letter perceding it.

5. The teacher should ensure that all letters are memorized well from top to bottom and vice versa

The Second lesson: The Compound letters

In the lesson, the child learns the letters consisting of two letters or more by spelling them gradually, one after one. Those examples will show you further.

  • The letter لا is read لام، ألف
  • The letter بلب is read باء ، لام، باء
  • The letter تكث is read تاء، كاف، ثاء

It’s important in this lesson to spell the letters and show the kids their shapes in different positions until they stick them into their minds.

Note: in the second and third lessons, teach kids the rules by spelling and asking students to repeat after without delving into details or elaborating on the rules.

The Third lesson: Disjointed letters

Also known as the Noorani letters, those letters have perplexed interpreters who couldn’t reach an explanation about it. And they appear mainly at the beginning of surahs in Quran.

In this lesson, the teacher applies the rules of tajweed when reciting Quran and asks the students to repeat after him. However, the student is not obliged to read Madd exactly as perfectly as the teacher since it is too tiresome for his young age.

Notes for teachers

Noorani letters are 14, and they’re categorized into four groups.

  • Alif (isn’t stretched to Madd)
  • The letters ( ح، ى ، ط ، ه، ر): counted to 2 movements/ Madd natutally
  • The letters (س ، ن، ق، ص، ل، ك، م) counted to 6 movements/ Madd
  • The letter ع is counted to 4-6 movements/ Madd

The Fourth Lesson: The Diacritic signs

In Arabic, there are three Diacritic signs, also known as the three movements: Fatha ( َ ), Dumma ( ُ ), Kasraa ( ِ ).

The letters in the pic below are ordered according to their exit points as it starts with أ pronounced from the furthest point of the throat and ends with م pronounced from the lips.

The teacher should drill the kids to pronounce each letter with the three movements from up to down, right to left, and vice versa.

The teacher should pay attention to the movement time (which shall not pass a second), besides the jaw and lips position and how they contort when pronouncing each of the three movements.

Notes for teachers

  1. The teacher should pronounce letters, either soft or heavy, accurately so the student can imitate him unconsciously. For example, when pronouncing صدق, the letter د is soft between two heavy letters.
  2. Also, he should keep attention to some letters in Quran known as Qalqala letters, which are ق ، ط ، ب ، ج، د.

The Fifth Lesson: Tanween

Tanween is a Noon Sakin added to the end of the word, and it’s two Fatha or two kasra or two Dumma.

In the Noorani Qaida, what’s not pronounced is not spelled. So the alif in Tanween fatha isn’t spelled or pronounced.

For example the word كبيرًا is not pronounced as كبيرن but كبيرا

2. When stopping at a word that ends with tanween fatha, the alif should be stretched to two movements

3. The teacher should focus on the Gunna in tanween. Gunna is counted to two movements, which should be pronounced from the nose.

Read also: Learning Quran tajweed online with the best learning guide

The sixth Lesson: Exercises on the three movements and Tanween

In this lesson, the teacher picks out some words, let’s say بَرَرَةٍ. He pronounces each letter in this word with its movement, beginning with َب, then he spells بَرَ then continues to the third letter بَرَرَ until he ends with kasra tanween.

Notes for teachers:

  1. the soft letter should be paid attention to when falling between two heavy letters, for example, د in قَدَرَ
  2. Leen alif is pronounced. For example ى in the word طوَى
  3. Hamza isn’t heavy when followed by a heavy letter. Example أخذ

The Seventh Lesson: The Madd letters

In Arabic, Madd means stretching the letters for some time. Each second is counted as two movements.

And there are three Madd in Quran, and you’ll find the sign of Madd letters in Quran as Small Alif, or ya or waw over the word.

Those three types of Madd compensate for the three-movement in Quran where small alif stands for Fatha. Small Ya stands for Kasra. And small waw stands for Dumma.

Teach the kid this Noorani Qaida by repetition until he could distinguish between the shape of the three Madd letters and their pronunciation

The Eighth lesson: Madd letters and Leen

The three letters (أ،و،ى) are named Madd letters when they’re consonant, and they’re stretched for two movements.

أ is Madd when it follows fatha. For example, بَا

و is Madd when it follows Dumma. For example, بُو

ي is Madd when it follows kasra. For example بِي

Leen Letters are the consonant ي and و after fatha, and they’re named Leen for they’re easy to pronounce. For example بَو ، بَي

The Ninth Lesson: Exercises on the Three Movements. Madd and Leen Letters

The teacher pronounces words from Quran used as an exercise for students to test their understanding of the previous lessons

For example, the word قَوْلٌ has Dumma tanween over the end of the word, etc.

Notes for teachers

  1. The consonant letter is pronounced with the letter preceding it when reading words that include Leen letters.

2. There is no alif at the beginning of the word; as long as there’s a movement over alif, it’s pronounced hamza. So, we say hamza fatha alif.

The Tenth lesson: Sakoon

Sakoon is an important lesson in Noorani Qaida, as it makes the exit point of each letter very clear, which is hard to occur when pronouncing movements like fatha and Kasra.

Teaching this lesson to the students

  1. Instruct them about the shape in Quran (the little ح)
  2. distinguish between the letters that share the same exit points but produce different sounds like ذ and س and ask him to make one of those letters consonant and the other is a vowel. For example, ذِسْ ذَسْ ذُسْ
  3. the consonant letter isn’t spelled alone. It should be preceded with a vowel
  4. the attributes of the letters should be paid attention to when they are consonants; for example, the letters combined in قطب جد follow Qalqala rules.

For learning further information about Noorani Qaida and practice in a practical way, enroll in our tajweed course provided by hafizon academy. Ours picked out native teachers who graduated from Al Azhar University and will follow up with your immediately. Have a trail course right now.


Noorani Qaida is one of the sciences related to the Noble Qur’an. It was named after its author, Sheikh Noor Muhammad Al-Haqqani whose book has been renowned as a reference for tajweed rules.

In this article, you’ve learned the Noorani Qaida and ten lessons it extracted from one of the teaching books written by Shiekh Nour Haqqani.

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