Muharram is the first month in the Islamic calendar. Its name means sacred, as in which Arab have forbidden frightening before Islam, a tradition that continues even after prophet Mohammed’s message.
Also, it’s called the month of Allah.
Imam Al-Suyuti explained the names of all months, including Ramadan, don’t change after Islam except for Muharram. Its name was Safar Alwal, and after Islam, Allah named it al-Muharram, which means the sacred month.
Muharram marks the start of the Islamic new year. According to observances, Muharram month will start on the evening of Friday, 30 July 2022, and end at sundown on Sunday, August 27th.
Here are Muharram 2022 dates with the days corresponding to it in the Georgian calendar.
|30 July 2022,
|31 July 2022,
|1 August 2022
|2 August 2022
|3 August 2022
|4 August 2022
|5 August 2022
|6 August 2022
|7 August 2022
|8 August 2022
|9 August 2022
|10 August 2022
|11 August 2022
|12 August 2022
|13 August 2022
|14 August 2022
|15 August 2022
|16 August 2022
|17 August 2022
|18 August 2022
|19 August 2022
|20 August 2022
|21 August 2022
|22 August 2022
|23 August 2022
|24 August 2022
|25 August 2022
|26 August 2022
|27 August 2022
The 1st of Muharram, which marks Islamic New Year, is one of the days that Muslims patiently await and celebrate
. And the first of the month is considered an official holiday in several Islamic countries, most notably Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Sudan, Mauritania, Malaysia, Kuwait, UAE, and Qatar.
However, it’s not a festival in most countries in the world.
There are many reasons why Muslims welcome this month with joy and celebrations.
Below we mention some of those virtues in detail.
One of the traditions that dominated the arab peninsula before Islam was to stop Bloodshedding and skirmishes among tribes during four months which are Dhul-Qi`dah, dhu al-hijjah, Muharram, and Rajab.
Such convention was in force since the days of Ibraheem and his Ismael, So pilgrims could feel safe while they went their way to Kabba, the holy site.
Allah, SWT said:
Allah has made the Ka’bah, the Sacred House, standing for the people and [has sanctified] the sacred months, the sacrificial animals, and the garlands [by which they are identified]. (Surah Al-Maidah, ayat 97)
This is the anniversary for Shiat to commemorate the martyrdom of Prophet Muhammad’s grandson in the Battle of Karbala, which corresponds with the 10th day of Muharram.
On this day, Imam Hussein and his family were killed after being besieged for days by the army of Yazid bin Muawiyah, during which water was prevented from them, so Hussein’s head was cut off, and the women were taken captive.
Though this battle doesn’t hold a great significance in terms of military or strategic skills, it left important political, intellectual, and religious implications, and Shiite Muslims connected it with noble meanings “such as sacrifice, righteousness, and freedom. For them, such a battle symbolizes the injustice and persecution that the grandson of the Prophet, Hussein in Ali, has gone through.
From the period (the first of Muharram to the tenth and forty days after it), the Shiites wear black clothes to express their sadness for this painful memory.
Though it’s not obligatory, Many Muslims fast the 10th of Muharram voluntarily, and many hadiths of the prophet Mohammed show the virtues of fasting this day.
It was narrated from ‘Ubaidullah that:
he heard Ibn ‘Abbas, when he was asked about the fast of ‘Ashura’ say: “I do not know that the Prophet fasted any day because of its virtue, except this day,” meaning the month of Ramadan and the day of Ashura.’
And on Ashura, Allah rescued his Prophet Moses – peace be upon him – from Pharaoh and drowned him in the sea. So, Musa fasted on the day to thank God Almighty.
The Quran portrayed this horrifying night in many verses. Allah ordered Moses peace be upon him – to go out at night with the believers. Pharaoh and his soldiers were chasing after them until he reached the sea… At this moment, Allah ordered his prophet to hit the sea with his stick, and a road was made so they could walk around. Then Pharaoh and his legion tried to trace his steps but they were doomed to drown.
Therefore, fasting Ashura equals fasting all days of the year, as shown in this hadith.
Abu Qatadah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
So, we can conclude that fasting is mustahabb for Muslims who can bear that. And prophet’s companions were used to do it and teach their children to follow such ritual for its great benefits, as narrated by one of the Companions:
We used to make toys out of wool and took (them to the mosque) along with us. When they (the children) asked us for food, we gave them these toys to play with, making them forgetful until they completed their fast.”
Many Arab, Islamic, Sunni, and Shiite countries celebrate the Hijri New Year.
Muslims commemorate the migration of the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, from Mecca Al-Mukarramah to Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah, and exchange gifts and greetings on this occasion. Also, they recite Quranic verses and prophetic hadiths, besides religious songs. And those expressions of celebrations vary from one country to another.
Here are many questions people ask about Mohuraam.
10th Muharram (Ashura) Will Be Observed on Monday, 8 August 2022.
So, Don’t forget to make your intention to fast this day
The month of Muharram 2022 began on July 30 of the year 2022 AD and ended on August 27 of the same year, so it consists of 29 days, most of which will be aligned with August.
It was not reported from the Prophet – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him- that he fasted the entire month of Muharram or any other month other than Ramadan.
Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with both of them) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) did not fast throughout any month except during Ramadan. And when he observed fast (he fasted so continuously) that one would say that he would not break (them) and when he Abandoned, he abandoned (so continuously) that one would say: By Allah, perhaps he would never fast.
However, he urged us to increase our dating this month, ranking it as the second month for fasting after Ramadan.
Several scholars have preferred fasting all the days of the month of Muharram o, and others held that fasting some days. Overall, fasting the entire month or a part of it is one of The good things.
Al-Hafiz Ibn Rajab – may God have mercy on him – said: “The best voluntary fasting after Ramadan is fasting the month of God Muharram, and it may be meant: it is the best month to voluntarily fast completely after Ramadan.”
Muharram is one of the sacred months that holds great significance for millions of Muslims worldwide because it means a new year, hopefully, full of happiness and good moments.
This article taught you about the Muharram calendar and its great virtues, why it’s important, and how Muslims celebrate it.
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